He served at Kincheloe AFB in Rudyard (now closed), overseas for almost 10 years in Zeiwbrachen, Germany, Offutt Air Force Base in Omaha, NE; and Andrews AFB including Camp David, Maryland, among others. He began employment after retiring from the Air Force with a company which manufactured batteries for the space shuttle program. He then began employment with ARINC (now Booz Hamilton), a contractor working with the United States military and also installing lightening detection systems for numerous airlines.
Larry's expertise and technical skills are a testament to his education, dedication and hard work but have enabled him to travel the world sometimes to the most remote and arduous locations where most people will never go (or be allowed to visit).
Among his installation projects are such locations in Hong Kong, Greenland, the Aleutian Islands, Guam, Australia, Italy, and South Korea. Among the projects and installations of solar telescopes and space weather equipment he has done are those listed below.
The Radio Solar Telescope Network (RSTN) is a network of solar observatories maintained and operated by the U.S.Air Force Weather Agency. The RSTN consists of ground-based observatories in Australia, Italy, Massachusetts, New Mexico and Hawaii.
It became apparent in the early 1960s that certain space weather events might interfere with the stated U.S. objective of a manned mission to the moon. In particular, the sun emits continuous electromagnetic energy and electrically charged particles, which can cause disturbances in the near-Earth environment and disrupt satellite communications.
Foremost among these concerns was the possibility of a geomagnetic storm of solar origin. Metric Type II radio bursts, signatures of coronal shock waves or coronal mass ejections, were known to be commonly associated with solar flares. The United States Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) was thus assigned the task of developing and validating a network of ground-based solar observatories. AFRL established a world-wide network of sweep frequency recorders from which estimates of the shock speed in the corona could be made. This network, called the Radio Solar Telescope Network (RSTN), uses a bandwidth from 25 MHz to 85 MHz. The prototype was assembled and operated at the Sagamore Hill Solar Radio Observatory during the early 1960s. The Sagamore Hill Solar Radio Observatory began operating solar patrols in 1966. The Air Force Geophysics Laboratory (AFGL, currently Phillips Lab) transferred operation of the observatory to Detachment 2 of the 2nd Weather Group of the Air Force Weather Agency in October 1978. However, Phillips Lab continues to work in an advisory capacity to the observatory.
The RSTN is complemented in its real-time capability by a radio telescope operated from 25 MHz (the ionospheric cutoff) to 1800 MHz by the Ionospheric Prediction Service in Culgoora, Australia. The USAF/RSTN system is currently being upgraded in frequency to a bandwidth from 25 MHz to 180 MHz by the Solar Radio Spectrometer (SRS) system at Palehua, Hawaii; San Vito dei Normanni, Italy; Sagamore Hill, Massachusetts; and RAAF Learmonth, Western Australia. The Sagamore Hill site is scheduled to be moved in the future to Holloman AFB, New Mexico.
The mission of the solar observatories of the RSTN is to monitor solar flares, noise storms and other releases of energy from the sun, and when necessary, notify military and civilian personnel concerned with space, weather, power and communications in countries throughout the world. The observatories are operated by detachments of the 2nd Weather Group, as follows:
- Det. 1, RAAF Learmonth, WA, Australia
- Det. 2, Sagamore Hill Radio Observatory, Hamilton, Massachusetts, USA
- Det. 4, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, USA
- Det. 5, Palehua, Hawaii, USA
- Det. 6, San Vito Solar Observatory, San Vito dei Normanni, Italy
The USAF/RSTN system is currently being upgraded in frequency to a bandwidth from 25 MHz to 180 MHz by the Solar Radio Spectrometer (SRS) system at Palehua, Hawaii; San Vito dei Normanni, Italy; Sagamore Hill, Massachusetts; and RAAF Learmonth, Western Australia. The RSTN is complemented in its real-time capability by a radio telescope operated from 25 MHz (the ionospheric cutoff) to 1800 MHz by the Ionospheric Prediction Service at the Paul Wild Observatory in Culgoora, New South Wales, Australia. The Sagamore Hill site is scheduled to be moved in the future to Holloman AFB, New Mexico.
Submitted by Susan Carlson
Submitted by Susan Carlson